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The Commons provides students with a comfortable central gathering place. Grace Christian University defines diversity as differences in culture, experience, and background among individuals and groups. This includes but is not limited to race, ethnicity, nationalities, generations, abilities, and denominations consistent with our Christian worldview and appropriate to our theological context. Welcome to Grace Christian University!

You have made a great choice to pursue not only your educational edification but your spiritual edification as well. We desire for our students to graduate with a greater knowledge of both Jesus Christ and their chosen career path. Grace Christian University developed its Online program to meet the needs of busy adult learners.

Grace Online students are typically employed part-time or full-time and are interested in completing their degree while continuing to work. Grace Online provides students the opportunity to begin classes at different times of the year and attend class online on a year-round basis, thus allowing earlier completion of the degree than through traditional means when attending only part-time.

To increase access to education and meet the flexibility needs of busy adult learners, courses and programs are offered through online delivery. In online courses, students complete their weekly learning activities reading, discussions, assignments in an asynchronous way i. Each course contains a complete syllabus and course guide with learning activities and due dates for each week.

Within the Blackboard learning environment, navigation buttons provide ease of maneuvering through the course sections. Email allows students to communicate with the instructor, while the electronic discussion board capabilities allow students and instructor to post, share, and read threaded discussions, questions, and comments. Students must use Microsoft Word documents when submitting assignments.

Microsoft Excel, PowerPoint, and Publisher will be needed for some courses; an Office subscription is provided at no-additional-cost to the student. Students should expect to spend approximately 20 or more hours per week engaged in coursework. Grace Christian University is committed to the idea that both ministerial and societal vocations involve the gifts and calling of God. Since its beginning in , Grace has been committed to train people for Christian ministry as pastors, missionaries, and other Christian workers.

This is a continuing mission as Grace currently offers undergraduate degree programs designed to prepare individuals for professional Christian ministry. Over the years, the University has expanded its educational program in order to provide a strong Christian education for as many people as possible and to prepare them to be effective Christians in their chosen career fields and in their own churches. At present, Grace offers a variety of degree programs at the two-year and four-year level for these students. Grace Christian University is an academic community committed to the intellectual and personal growth of its students, faculty and staff within the context of a Christian learning environment.

In every degree program, the University seeks to expose, equip and empower its students with the content, competence and character necessary to impact the world around them for the glory of God. Therefore, we are committed to ensure the following statements are embodied in the programs and culture of our University:. In addition to these institutional outcomes, each degree program has specific outcomes which build upon and enhance these outcomes. In a world of competing truth claims, students must be able to think critically and creatively as they acquire the knowledge needed for life and work.

DOING — In their course of study, students will develop the skills needed for living and working in the world. This will necessitate strong communication skills and an ability to work with others in a variety of situations. Students will also develop their own life skills. Admitted students may request a reasonable accommodation as a result of a qualifying disability as defined by the Americans with Disabilities Act or Section of the Vocational Rehabilitation Act of It is the responsibility of the student to contact the Assistant Registrar in the Academic Office to initiate the academic accommodation process.

In order to release education records to a third-party, Grace Christian must receive a signed permission to release non-public information form. The primary purpose of directory information is to allow the Grace Christian University to include information from your education records in certain school publications. Examples include:. Outside organizations include, but are not limited to, companies that manufacture graduation garb or publish diplomas. Grace Christian University has designated the following information as directory information:.

These rights include:. A student who wishes to ask Grace Christian University to amend a record should write the Registrar, clearly identify the part of the record the student wants to be changed, and specify why it should be changed. Family Policy Compliance Office U. Eligible students have a right to inspect and review the record of disclosures. A post-secondary institution may disclose PII from the education records without obtaining the prior written consent of the student —.

Courses will not be in session during the following week-long periods. A break may fall during the middle of a term. Grace Christian University seeks to enroll students who desire a Christ-centered educational experience whose objectives can be served by its academically excellent and spiritually minded programs. Grace Online believes all students deserve a second chance for degree completion and career advancement. All students are recommended to apply for admission as soon as possible to give the optimal opportunity for timely admission, transfer credit evaluation, and receipt of textbooks.

An applicant is given full admission to Grace Christian University when the criteria for admission have been met. Applications are accepted on a rolling basis throughout the year. Students may start courses before the admissions process is complete, but must have all required pieces submitted by the end of the first course.

Students may be provisionally admitted to the program by submitting unofficial transcripts before official transcripts are received by the University. Students without official transcripts on file by the stated deadline can be denied further registration until all requirements are met. See the Transfer Credit section for more information on the transfer credit process. A student who wishes to take courses without seeking a degree may attend Grace Online.

The applicant must complete an Application for Admission. Students with a non-degree seeking status are not eligible for state or federal financial aid. A payment plan must be arranged with the Business Office prior to enrollment. Grace Online desires to admit all students and has an open door, right-to-try philosophy, which means:. Individuals who have been denied admission may appeal to the Academic Dean by written statement and testimony. If admitted online students choose to participate in athletics or decide to change to the On Campus program, the University will implement the same background check process as for On Campus students.

The University reserves the right to conduct the felony background check process for Online students whose activities create regular physical interaction with other students or Grace employees. A student who cancels his or her application for a previous term may apply for readmission by contacting his or her Enrollment Advisor. Once received, official transcripts will remain on file and do not need to be resent unless additional coursework has been completed at the institution.

A student is required to update any information that has changed since the previous application was submitted with the request for readmission Name, address, phone number, email address, or additional transfer institutions. A student will be notified via email from the Enrollment Advisor regarding the readmission decision.

Students readmitted to Grace must fulfill the requirements of the catalog in effect for the semester of readmission. The Administration reserve the right to deem a student ineligible to return based on academic ineligibility, behavioral concerns, or student account delinquency. A student who has withdrawn from the University who desires to return to the institution may contact an Enrollment Advisor, Academic Advisor, or complete the Re-Entry Application to apply for re-entry into Grace Christian University. The advisor will be notified via email regarding the decision.

An Advisor will communicate any conditions for re-entry or the re-entry decision to the student. The Advisor will assist the student in the process of returning. Upon re-entry, the student will be provided access to the student email, student portal, and Blackboard, as well as an updated education plan. Grace Christian University offers traditional and non-traditional credit options for Undergraduate students with varied academic and professional backgrounds. It is our policy to award credit based on evidence of learning and not experience alone.

Grace Christian University welcomes students to apply for transfer credits from other institutions. Grades are not transferred. Once transfer credits have been granted, a subsequent change of program or major may result in a change in the number of transfer credits applied toward the degree requirements.

Types of traditional and non-traditional credit options currently offered by the University are described as follows. There is an important distinction between transferable and applicable in terms of transfer work. While a course may meet all of the requirements to be transferable , the course may not be applicable to the degree program you have chosen at Grace Christian University. Evaluated courses may have an equivalent online or on-campus course listed, or multiple.

Courses not listed may still be transferable. A formal evaluation will be conducted and the student will be notified of the applied transfer work at the time of acceptance. The following provisions govern transferring credits to Grace Christian University Online:. Credit will be granted based on the general transfer credit policy regarding maximum transfer credits. Any fee s associated with the evaluation and transcription must be paid by the student.

Upon receipt of the evaluation, the Registrar will process the transcript to review for potential course equivalency. Grace Christian University recognizes that many students come to an institution of higher education with experience and training that has resulted in college-level knowledge. Students who enroll may earn credit for prior learning. A maximum of 30 semester credit hours may be earned through a form of prior learning assessment or proficiency exam including CLEP and AP.

Prior learning can come from a number of different sources including workshops, seminars, self-study, non-credit classes, training programs, and work experiences. Portfolios are to be assessed by a qualified, credentialed content area expert. Grace may award college credit for a license, certificate, or job-specific training as evaluated by the American Council on Education ACE or through the PLA evaluation process. Grace Online offers a college-level exploratory course, PLA Prior Learning Theory and Practicum 3 Credits , designed to assist the learner in understanding learning theory and apply theory to their own prior learning.

Satisfactory completion of PLA allows the student to have one portfolio assessed at no additional charge. PLA may satisfy a lower level elective course requirement within any undergraduate program, as applicable. Fill out the Prior Learning Assessment Advising Form or contact the Registrar to learn more: onlineregistrar gracechristian.

Contact the Financial Aid Office to determine whether or not your PLA related fees can be covered by your financial aid package. A proficiency exam is an examination administered by Grace to assess prior knowledge on a subject. A portfolio is a compilation of documentation that significant, college-level learning has been achieved by the learner.

The portfolio must be written according to the expectations for college-level writing. A rubric will be used to assess evidence of prior learning. The content expert will also provide helpful feedback to the student. Credit can be awarded as an elective lower or upper level or a specific course equivalency. Grace Online will grant credit to students with scores of 3 or higher on an Advanced Placement AP examination conducted by the College Board. Students will be notified of specific credit awarded upon evaluation of the official exam transcript.

Grace Christian University has developed partnerships with several organizations to allow for college credit to be awarded or granted based on the completion of a specific program which has been evaluated by Grace. Grace reserves the right to review or change these partnerships at any time. Contact the specific organization or Grace directly info gracechristian. A contractual arrangement to grant college credit for completing an approved program of study has been reached with the following organizations:.

An articulation agreement to accept credit for completing an approved program of study has been reached with the following organizations:. Grace Christian University will accept the maximum number of usable transfer credits earned at a Michigan community college toward any of its baccalaureate degrees. The only exception to this policy is for those students wishing to pursue dual degrees offered in cooperation with our educational partners. While this agreement can be beneficial to transfer students in all degree programs, it is possible for a student to complete a number of baccalaureate degrees in two to two-and-one-half years dependent on meeting certain course requirements.

In order to facilitate this process and to ensure students receive the greatest benefit, it is important for transfer students to consider carefully what courses are needed while enrolled at a community college. Failure to do so may prolong the time required to complete these degrees. International students are welcome at Grace Christian University. Due to strict government regulations, the University has detailed requirements pertaining to international students. The University does not have available special funding to assist international students in financing their education.

It is the responsibility of the student to obtain the proper documents and to furnish the University with these documents. International students who are seeking to enroll in an online degree program do not need USCIS or a student visa as long as the student is not physically present in the United States. Refugees or undocumented individuals are permitted to attend following the standard admission criteria. For admission, all international students those on an F-1 Student Visa and those attending Online but residing in a foreign country must meet the stated admission criteria for domestic students for their program of interest and:.

A week-long, tuition-free online orientation course is required for all students new to Grace Online. The purpose of orientation is to allow the student to become familiar with the expectations of Grace Online and Grace Christian University, to provide an opportunity for students to ask questions, and to allow the student to become familiar with the online environment, writing expectations, and resources. All Undergraduate Online students are encouraged to participate in an online orientation STU prior to their first course. Students are encouraged to participate in this orientation to ease the transition into the online learning environment.

All Graduate Online students must participate in an online orientation GEN prior to their program seminar. The cost to audit a course or enroll as a non-degree student follows the same tuition and fee schedule as the degree-seeking tuition and fee schedule. Full payment or a verified payment plan is due prior to the beginning of the first class of every semester.

Military students and families may be eligible to receive a discounted tuition rate. Students may also be eligible to receive education benefits through the Department of Veterans Affairs. Students who are currently serving on active duty, released from active duty, part of the Reserves or National Guard or a spouse or dependent of a veteran, may be eligible for these benefits. The military discount is available to all military service members, veterans, military spouses, and dependents under age The required documentation and an honorable discharge status must be submitted to receive the military discount.

Tuition is set on a per-academic year basis. The Rates of tuition and fees are those published in the academic catalog prior to the start of a new academic year. The Resource Fee covers all textbooks, workbooks, technology and associated costs required for Grace Online students. If a student qualifies for financial aid, just like tuition, the resource fee will be paid with whatever financial aid has been awarded.

This service prevents the inadvertent purchase of wrong textbook editions, incorrect access codes, or late arrival, among other issues. Students are expected to return the rented text s upon completion of the class. Books not returned will incur charges for the additional cost of the text over the rental price. Grace Online uses a streamlined book rental service that fits the accelerated program format. Books are shipped directly to the student before each five-week class and are returned by the student the week after each five-week class. What is Textbook Butler?

Grace Christian University Online has a robust relationship with Tree of Life TOL Bookstores for a convenience-driven service that delivers your books straight to you: the right books, on time, at a competitive price. If a student is granted an incomplete, the student should contact Tree of Life to request an extension of their rental and discuss any additional charges.

Why is there an opt-out? The federal government requires that students be given the opportunity to opt-out of a book delivery service. Our recommendation is that students focus on their learning and everything else that happens in life family, work, church responsibilities , and allow TOL to serve them by delivering books when they are needed so that books arrive on time for the next course! Grace Christian University uses Blackboard, a learning management system, as the virtual classroom for both online and onsite learners to communicate announcements, hold discussions, submit assignments, and track grades.

Grace Christian University provides each student access to the Microsoft Office suite, allowing the student to download Microsoft applications to assist with coursework. Students have access to various online resources including, but not limited to online research databases, writing lab resources, research help, and a live librarian during business hours. Students have the right to accept or refuse any part of their financial aid package.


Students may not receive financial aid from more than one school while enrolled at two or more schools for the same time period. The student must attend college at least half-time 6 credit hours in order to be considered for most financial aid.

Withdrawal from classes or failure to attend all classes may result in a loss or reduction of financial aid and a balance due to the University. Financial aid offered to the student is dependent upon the availability of funds. A student who has been convicted of any offense under federal or state law involving the possession or sale of a controlled substance, while receiving Title IV funds, is no longer eligible to receive any federal grant, loan or work assistance according to the following table from the federal financial aid handbook:.

For more information, contact the Financial Aid Office at or financialaid gracechristian. For students who elect not to utilize federal financial aid, there are several options for payment. Tuition payment should be completed two weeks prior to the first class to avoid delays or being withdrawn from class. First-course payment must be made in full before the first week starts in online courses. Payment must be made by check made out to Grace Christian University , or by calling the Business Office at to pay by credit card.

For online payment, you will need to register for an account and follow the online instructions. You must sign up for a payment plan before the start of your course. You may use the Online Payment Plan in combination with another payment option if you would prefer. If you prefer, you may set up a payment plan directly with the Business Office by calling A student may also obtain a private loan from a Private Lender to cover education-related expenses.

A lender may require a creditworthy cosigner if the student has not yet established credit. Private loans do not have an origination fee. First-course payment must be made in full no later than two business days before the start date. Exceptions apply to pending federal financial aid as long as all requested information and or documents have been submitted prior to the course start. If all requested information and or documents have not been submitted to the Financial Aid Office prior to the start date, the remaining balance is due immediately. New students whose financial aid does not fully cover tuition costs will be contacted by the Business Office to make payment arrangements for the remaining balance.

Registration is considered incomplete until arrangements have been made for full payment of all charges and incomplete registration will preclude the student from staying enrolled in the course. Undergraduate Online: If a student is dropped from a course for non-payment, the student is still responsible for returning textbooks to Tree of Life third-party supplier to avoid being charged for them. Prior to each award year, continuing online students who are using federal financial aid must have their Free Application for Federal Student Aid FAFSA completed two weeks prior to the start of the semester.

Continuing students whose FAFSA has been selected for verification, or has FAFSA errors, must have these issues completed before the end of the first course in the semester or they will be dropped from future courses. Continuing students, who have not completed a FAFSA, or whose financial aid does not cover the costs, will be contacted by the Business Office to make payment arrangements. Registration is considered incomplete until arrangements have been made for full payment of all charges and incomplete registration will preclude the student from staying enrolled in the semester.

The student will only be rescheduled for classes after an approved payment plan is established. Continuing students who do not return to classes within 45 days of their last date of attendance in the previous award year will be withdrawn from the program unless they have been approved by Academic Advising to be on an approved leave of absence see Leave of Absence Policy. Students with an outstanding balance may not be allowed to re-enroll for another term or class, receive official transcripts, or be mailed a diploma.

The Financial Aid Office is available to advise and assist students with obtaining funds to attend Grace Christian University. The Financial Aid Office seeks to meet the financial needs of our students through grants, scholarships, and loans. Students who believe their resources are inadequate to meet their expenses at Grace Christian University should contact a Financial Aid Specialist. Financial Aid is financial assistance that helps students and their families pay for college. This financial assistance covers educational expenses including tuition and fees, room and board, books and supplies, and transportation.

There are several types of financial aid available, including grants, scholarships, and loans. Once eligibility for financial assistance has been determined, students may be offered a Financial Aid Award Package which includes one or more types of aid. It does not have to be repaid. The amount of Federal Pell Grant funds a student may receive over their lifetime is limited by federal law to be the equivalent of six years of Pell Grant funding. SEOG funds do not have to be repaid. The Department of Education only provides schools with a limited amount of SEOG funds, so once the funds are depleted, awarding will stop.

Grace Christian University accepts educational benefits through the military. To begin the process of determining any applicable benefits, the student should contact his or her respective educational liaison within the appropriate military organization. Once that action has been taken, the student may contact the Academic Advising Office to proceed with any other applicable processes. Direct Stafford Loans are low-interest federal loans available to students who are attending college at least half-time.

The amount a student may borrow is based on year in school, dependency status, and enrollment status. A parent may borrow a Direct Parent PLUS Loan to help pay the expenses of a child who is a dependent undergraduate student enrolled at least half time. In the event the parent is denied the PLUS Loan due to adverse credit, the student generally becomes eligible to borrow an additional amount in an Unsubsidized Federal Stafford Loan. A student may also obtain private loans from a Private Lender to cover education-related expenses.

Students may need a creditworthy cosigner if they have not established credit yet. Usually loans are borrowed to cover the full year, divided between two semesters, but a student could get a loan for just one semester, if needed. Private loans have NO origination fee. For more details, go to: www. For assistance with this application process, students may contact the Federal Student Aid Information Center at The student is responsible for returning a signed copy of the award letter to the Financial Aid Office, indicating which awards they accept or deny.

Students who accept a Stafford Loan must go to studentloans. Your EFC is an index number that our financial aid staff uses to determine how much financial aid you can receive. The EFC is calculated according to a formula established by law. Your family size and the number of family members who will attend college during the academic year is also considered. All students will be notified via Grace Christian email when their loans have arrived at the school and, if applicable, when their credit balance will be sent to them.

Academic progress will be reviewed for each student, regardless of whether or not the student is receiving financial aid since these rules determine eligibility for future enrollments. Contact the Financial Aid Office financialaid gracechristian. The determination as to whether or not the student is meeting the SAP requirements is made at the end of each academic year based on three factors mandated by federal policy.

These factors include cumulative grade point average GPA , completion ratio, and maximum time frame as described below. Grace will evaluate the GPA Requirement after each semester. A student will be considered in violation if the student does not maintain the minimum GPA requirement. The student must have earned the required cumulative GPA based on the semester hours attempted to maintain financial aid eligibility.

The Director of Financial Aid has the authority to grant limited exceptions to first-time freshmen who fail to meet this requirement but whose cumulative GPA is at or above 1. The maximum time frame limits the number of credits a student may attempt when pursuing a degree. Grace will monitor the Maximum Time Frame Requirement at the end of each academic year by comparing the required hours for program completion to the cumulative hours attempted. For example, in an undergraduate program of study that requires credits, you may not exceed credits and remain eligible for financial aid. Graduate students must complete all degree requirements within five years from admission to their program.

An approved leave of absence of up to two semesters is not counted in the five years. The completion ratio is determined by dividing cumulative semester hours earned by cumulative semester hours attempted. When determining SAP, grades and credits are tallied according to the following guidelines:. For repeated courses, credits from each time a student is enrolled are applied to the attempted and earned credits. However, only the most recent grade earned is used when calculating the cumulative GPA.

Transfer credit accepted at the time of admission, if applicable, is not included when calculating cumulative GPA. Transfer credits are also included when calculating the completion ratio and maximum time frame. The Financial Aid Office evaluates whether or not a student is meeting the SAP requirements at the end of each academic year.

If it is determined that a student failed to meet the SAP standards outlined above, the student will be disqualified from receiving federal financial aid until the student has met the SAP standards. Students who no longer qualify for financial aid may secure alternate funding for their education and remain enrolled unless a determination has been made that the student is academically suspended.

If a student loses eligibility to receive federal financial aid because of failure to meet the SAP standards, the student may attempt to regain financial aid eligibility in one of the following ways:. By successfully appealing the loss of eligibility. By using personal financial resources to complete one or more semesters at Grace with at least half-time enrollment. Courses taken must be approved by the Registrar and must advance the student toward earning the declared degree.

The tuition refund policy is based upon the Last Day of Attendance see official attendance and participation policy. Students are encouraged to contact the Financial Aid Office before withdrawing from classes to understand the complete financial impact of withdrawal. Withdrawing from classes may also impact the Satisfactory Academic Progress completion ratio.

Federal laws set forth regulations that govern the treatment and calculation of refunds for recipients of Federal Financial Aid Title IV aid when a student withdraws from a class. The University reserves the right to amend this procedure to comply with federal regulations. A student who receives financial aid will be asked to complete an Authorization to Retain Funds form. This form must be returned to the Financial Aid Office.

The form will ask the student to choose one of the following options:. If the student has a credit balance remaining after the Financial Aid is posted for the semester, and if the student chose to have their credit balance mailed to them, then Financial Aid Office will enter a request to the Business Office to mail a check to the student. The statement below is in summary of the Schedule Change Policy. Please review the Schedule Change Policy section of the catalog in its entirety. Grace Online recognizes that on rare occasions students may need to request a refund of tuition of fees based on the occurrence of a special circumstance.

The following verifiable reasons are acceptable for the refund request process:. E-mail correspondence is increasingly used for distribution of information to members of the Grace community. Electronic forms of correspondence are timelier and more efficient than traditional paper correspondence and provide better service to the recipient and potential cost savings to the University. Since all staff, faculty and registered students have email accounts created by virtue of their association with the University, electronic correspondence is one of the authorized means of communication from the University to its constituents.

Notification by email is equivalent to a notification by letter or by phone. Email correspondence shall be made to the email address issued by the University email address ending in gracechristian. Students have the option of forwarding their Grace email to a preferred personal email, however, the University cannot guarantee delivery of these messages to non-Grace addresses.

Grace Christian University provides computing resources to support its mission of Christian higher education-particularly in the areas of instruction, research and independent study, and to encourage a responsible community of shared inquiry. Student use of these resources must be consistent with these intentions. As a responsible member of the Grace community, you are expected to act in accordance with the following guidelines which are based on common sense, common decency, civility, and Christian values as applied to the networked computing environment.

All students, faculty, staff, and guests of Grace Christian University using college network and computer resources must comply with the guidelines set forth in this policy and with federal, state and local laws. Improper use of college technology resources may result in disciplinary action. This policy applies to all guests, faculty, staff, registered students in good standing, and vendors of Grace Christian University, identified as the Grace community.

Sharing of passwords, PINs, tokens or other authentication information is strictly prohibited. Information residing on institutionally maintained systems, including, but not limited to, student, financial, and personnel records, is made available to users on an individual basis only, and only to such extent, as explicitly authorized by the department which has custodial responsibility for that data. The use of Grace resources to access, further or otherwise participate in an activity which is inconsistent with the mission and Christian principles of the college is prohibited.

Examples of inappropriate actions:. Anti-virus and anti-malware software must be installed on your computer, kept up to date and currently enabled. If your software is not up to date or disabled it may lead to an infection which may result in your network access being disabled. This also includes operating system patches for non-university devices. If your computer is not up to date, it could lead to malware infection which may result in your network access being disabled. Grace faculty and staff are responsible for their computer, including its hardware, software, and any network traffic transmitted by it.

Software licensed by the University or merely used on University equipment must be used in accordance with that license agreement. Violations of the terms of software license agreements are not within the scope of University employment; the University may seek repayment of fines or damages from employees who violate licensing terms and may take disciplinary action up to and including dismissal.

Capstone Portfolio Course - Module 11 - Exhibition

Copying or sharing copyrighted material, including through peer to peer file sharing, is illegal and immoral. We expect members of this Christian community will seek to uphold both the letter and spirit of the law regarding copyrighted material. Students found to have illegally downloaded files will have network privileges revoked. The IT Department will assist you if you require additional connectivity or have specific departmental needs.

Using the Grace network to provide any service that is visible off campus without prior IT approval, is prohibited. Configuring your computer to provide Internet or Grace network system access to anyone who is not a Grace faculty, staff member, student, or vendor is prohibited. Visitors may make use of the Internet and other resources with permission from the Director of Information Technologies or a University administrator.

Grace Christian University technology personnel may routinely monitor individual computer and network use. The University reserves the right to inspect personal computers and data files to investigate evidence of misuse. The university email system is to be used for communication purposes. The following are unacceptable uses of email:. Transcripts will be sent within 1 or 2 business days.

Grace Christian does not guarantee that credits earned from Grace Christian will transfer to another school. Typically, an institution will evaluate coursework from a regionally accredited institution in terms of transferability and applicability to the degree program. Grace Christian University expects that the student will keep their demographic information up to date with the university to ensure that the student can be reached by the university in a timely manner.

Name, address, phone number, and personal email address changes should be initiated using the Information Change Form. A formal name change requires formal documentation. After submitting the name change request Information Change Form , please submit an approved document to onlineregistrar gracechristian. Any request for an address change Information Change Form will be processed within 24 to 48 working hours from when the form response is received. Tree of Life will be automatically notified of the address change as long as the text has not already shipped.

The student is responsible for requesting a PDF copy of any text that is needed until the physical text arrives. It is the responsibility of each student to meet the specific outcomes of each course as defined by the curriculum and upheld by the faculty, as well as to meet the general overall requirements for graduation which include a minimum 2. Grades are computed at the end of each course. Final grades are posted upon official grade submission from the instructor. Implies excellence in thinking and performance in a course.

High-level work that is clear, precise, well-reasoned, and insightful. Implies sound thinking and performance in a course. B level work is clear, precise, and well-reasoned but does not have the depth of insight that A level work has. Implies mixed thinking and performance in a course.

C level work is inconsistently clear, precise, well-reasoned, and inconsistently demonstrates comprehension of basic concepts and principles. Implies poor thinking and performance in a course. D level work is inconsistently clear, precise, and well-reasoned. It does not display a depth of insight or consistent competence. Implies an attempt to get through a course by rote recall and reflects a mistaken comprehension of basic concepts and principles. Incomplete I 0 Incomplete.

See the Incomplete Grade Policy below. A W grade does not impact the grade point average, but is considered an attempted course. Withdrawal Failing WF 0 On-Campus students only: A WF grade indicates the student has withdrawn or been administratively withdrawn from the course with a failing grade at the time of course withdrawal. No credit is earned. Credit earned is equivalent to a C or better. No credit earned.

Academic Integrity Violation XF 0 The grade of XF is given for plagiarizing, cheating on a test or assignment, or otherwise violating the academic integrity policy. Repeat R The course has been repeated. Grade Point Average GPA The GPA is computed by dividing the total number of credits attempted into the total number of honor or quality points as outlined in the table above. Auditing a course means taking a course for no credit or grade.

Students may audit courses. Students are permitted to attend an audited course but is not required to submit assignments or take examinations. Audited courses do not include honor points GPA or credits toward graduation. Audit status does not count towards full-time enrollment. Audit status must be declared at the time of registration and confirmed with the instructor on the first day of class.

Audit enrollments are based on class size availability. If at any point prior to the beginning of the course, the class size maximum is reached, any audit registrations will be canceled. Financial Aid is not available for audited courses. Changes from credit to audit and vice versa will not be permitted after the first week of the class. All tuition and schedule change fees apply accordingly see applicable fee schedule. Grace Christian University will make reasonable accommodations for students with disabilities or who may need accommodations in compliance with section of the Rehabilitation Act of and with the Americans with Disabilities Act of The purpose of academic accommodation is to provide equal access to educational opportunities to students with disabilities.

Grace does not intend that academic standards be altered, nor that the essential elements of programs or courses are changed. Grace will adhere to the New Compliance Rule, ensuring all content is accessible. A student who has a documented disability may apply for accommodations by completing the Accommodation Request Form. Accommodations are granted on the basis of determined need and appropriate documentation of disabilities. A student must complete the Accommodation Request Form and must provide documentation supporting the current need for the requested accommodation.

To be deemed appropriate documentation, testing and assessment of a disability must have been completed no more than five years prior to the application for accommodations. If the requested academic accommodation is approved, the student will be notified via an official verification letter sent to his or her student email account. The decision to use the available academic accommodation lies solely with the student for each course.

Should the student desire to use the accommodation, it is his or her responsibility to inform each professor at the start of the course that he or she will be taking advantage of the accommodations available. Any questions about these accommodations should be directed to the Accommodation Review Committee via onlineregistrar gracechristian. If a disagreement arises surrounding eligibility for services or the manner in which a specific accommodation is being implemented, the student has a right to informal and formal grievance procedures.

Grace Christian University is committed to biblical higher education. As an institution of higher learning, we are also committed to the pursuit of knowledge, understanding, wisdom, and skills, not as an end entirely unto themselves, but as the means by which we can become better equipped to more effectively meet the needs of the church and society, both now and in the future.

As students work toward this end, it is expected that they will be people with character in who they are, competence in what they do, compassion as they relate to others and commitment to the gaining of knowledge and wisdom. Grace Christian University is a community with a purpose. The University seeks to glorify God by fulfilling its mission: Graduating godly individuals prepared to serve Christ in church and society.

Members of the community include faculty, staff, and students. The broader Grace community includes alumni, constituents, churches and the College Board. In order to fulfill the mission of the University, members of the community need to understand their responsibilities. If responsibilities are not met, the University will preserve the harmony of the community through redemptive discipline. We seek to create an environment of warmth in which confrontation and discipline, done with empathy and forgiveness, can be an effective part of the growth process.

In order to achieve our institutional aims and objectives, we believe it necessary to ask faculty, staff, and student body members to observe limitations on conduct and to commit themselves firmly to these principles. With the guidance and enabling of the Holy Spirit, the Administration and Faculty are responsible to:. The University recognizes that certain aspects of our culture are offensive to the Christian conscience and has therefore developed the following standard of conduct for the University family: Practices known to be morally wrong by biblical teaching i.

By virtue of enrollment, the student agrees to accept the responsibilities outlined above. The student who is found to be out of harmony with the aims and objectives of the University may be asked to withdraw from the Community whenever the general welfare to the University demands it even though there may be no serious special breach of conduct. Grace Christian University is committed to providing an educational environment that gives the student the opportunity to obtain their academic goals.

Accordingly, the University expects students to conduct themselves in a manner that reflects its mission, purposes, ideals, and values. All student are required to read, understand, and comply with the policies and responsibilities stated in this publication. Furthermore, the student will respect the rights of others and will treat fellow students, faculty, and staff with respect.

Each person has the right to study and learn in a quiet, comfortable environment without fear, without humiliation, and without destruction of self-esteem. Grace Christian expects student awareness and concern for all aspects of classroom interactions and strives to promote a cohesive and equitable environment where cultural and ethnic differences are respected. Institutional expectations, regulations and policies and practices are established to reflect the values to which the University subscribes. These expectations, regulations, policies, and practices promote the mission of the University, opportunities that facilitate the interactions of persons of different cultures, backgrounds, and persuasions, and respect for the rights of others.

Enrollment at Grace is a privilege, and it is expected that student will conduct themselves in a manner that reflects the ideals, values, and educational aims of the University. Students will respect the rights of others and will treat fellow students, faculty, and staff with good manners and respect. Students will behave in such a way as to promote a positive learning environment. Student instigation or participation in activities which develop to a degree that elicits panic or alarm, or disturbs the peace is prohibited.

Use of language, gestures, or electronic media that are abusive or offensive in nature will result in disciplinary action, disciplinary suspension, or expulsion. Students shall comply with all reasonable and lawful requests and instructions as well as disciplinary conditions imposed upon them by those in authority, including the University administrators, faculty, staff, or other employees acting in the performance of their official duties.

Failure to do so could result in disciplinary action, disciplinary suspension, or expulsion. The broader Grace Christian University community includes alumni, constituents, churches and the University Board. As students, faculty, and staff, you acknowledge that Grace Christian University is an educational institution that values equality of opportunity, academic freedom, academic excellence, diversity, lifelong learning, and Christian principles.

You will respect the mission and values of Grace Christian University, and recognize your obligations to fellow students, to faculty, to staff, to the community, and to God. Students will treat peers and instructors with respect, honesty, and fairness, and uphold their rights to autonomy, privacy, and safety. We support the rights of others to express their views in the spirit of academic freedom and Christian principles, and will not ridicule, intimidate, or coerce students or instructors. We encourage academic and spiritual excellence and discourage academic misconduct.

We are committed to learning, to our obligations as students, and to the highest standards of academic integrity and Christian principles. As students, faculty, and staff, we read, understand, and comply with all Grace Christian University policies, rules, and regulations. We treat all members of the Grace Christian community with respect, honesty, and fairness. It is the policy of Grace Christian to provide a safe environment for its employees and students. Bullying is defined as repeated, abusive conduct that causes intentional physical or emotional harm to the target and often involves an imbalance of power between the bully and the victim, which may involve a gesture, or a written, verbal, social, graphic, or physical act.

Grace Christian University prohibits any form of harassment or bullying. This includes written, physical, verbal and psychological abuse, including hazing, gestures, comments, threats, or actions which cause or threaten to cause, bodily harm, reasonable fear for personal safety or personal degradation. Bullying is not the same as teasing, but repeated, hurtful teasing is a form of bullying. Constant undue criticism, work sabotage, and glaring are all potential examples of bullying tactics. Bullying fosters a climate of fear and disrespect that can seriously impair the physical and psychological health of its victims.

Bullying or harassment creates conditions that undermine the ability of individuals to achieve their full potential. Instances of bullying or harassment should be reported immediately to the Dean. An investigation of all complaints will be undertaken immediately. The investigation and results will remain confidential, to the extent possible. The University recognizes that false accusations of bullying or harassment can have serious effects on innocent men and women.

We trust that all member of the University Community will continue to act in a responsible and professional manner towards a discrimination-free environment. Retaliation or discriminating against a student for notifying or complaining about a situation is prohibited. Grace Christian has established an appeal process for students who have concerns regarding grades and the consistent application of both class requirements and policies as it pertains to grades among other concerns. If a student believes that the final course grade is based on a clerical or calculation error, capriciousness, arbitrariness, or is not in alignment with established grading criteria outlined in the course syllabus, the student may file an appeal and must offer evidence to support the claim.

To ensure prompt resolution of the student concern, the appeal process has a deadline for each stage. If the student does not initiate the appeal process defined as beginning with Step 1 within 15 business days of the end of the course in which the concern occurred, the student forfeits the opportunity to appeal.

Each deadline for the process must be met; otherwise, the appeal is no longer valid and the student has no further recourse. Communication regarding the appeal will be through written email communication using Grace Christian email accounts. The instructor will respond within five business days.

The student will indicate if the resolution is agreed to within three business days. If an agreeable outcome is reached the matter will be considered closed. If the concern is not resolved with the instructor, and the student wishes to pursue the concern, the student will email an Academic Advisor or designee. The appeal form and supporting documentation must be received by the established deadline. If any supporting material is not received by the stated deadline, the appeal will go forward without the additional material. Upon receipt of the appeal, the Online Dean or designee will send the appeal to the instructor.

The instructor will return the response to the Online Dean or designee within five business days of receipt of the appeal. If the concern has still not been resolved, the Online Dean or designee will send the appeal form and all written documents to the Associate Provost or Provost if the Associate Provost is not available to render a decision. The Associate Provost or Provost will have five business days to render a decision and return the appeal to the Online Dean or designee. The Online Dean or designee will inform the student of the decision. If the concern is not resolved in step 3, and the student chooses to pursue the concern further, the Online Dean or designee will contact the Provost to convene the Academic Affairs Committee and will forward all documentation.

The Academic Affairs Committee will be convened within 10 business days of receipt of the appeal to resolve the concern. The Academic Affairs committee will be formed of the department heads, the Director of Online Teaching Effectiveness, and a Provost one not involved in Step 3. The Academic Affairs Committee will be chaired by the Provost one not involved in step 3. The Committee will select one reporter. Both the student and the instructor may appear before the Committee although no new documentation may be presented at this time. A copy of the report will be sent by the Reporter to the Online Dean who will respond to the student, Academic Advisor, and the instructor within five business days.

The decision of the Academic Affairs Committee is final. No further appeal will be permitted. Note: All documentation of the student complaint, appeal process, and decisions will be kept on file with the University. The Entire process may take up to 12 or more weeks. The instructor responds in writing and the response is shared with the student. All members of the Grace Christian University learning community are expected to honor the principles of truth, honesty, and maintaining academic integrity at Grace.

In order for real learning to occur, one must put in the time and effort to create original thoughts. Tim Rumley, Associate Provost at Grace Christian, has summarized the impact of plagiarism as a barrier to learning. A student can use a computer to copy text from a source and paste it into a paper without ever learning anything from the material.

On the other hand, when a student does the hard mental work to create a good paraphrase and disciplines himself to keep track of and cite where the paraphrase comes from, the student both learns the material cited and learns about the source. Good, appropriate use of sources promotes learning. Plagiarism or any misrepresentation of work, unsanctioned collaboration, use of prohibited materials, and participation in any form of dishonesty all constitutes a violation of the academic integrity policy.

A violation of this policy will result in the actions and consequences specified within this policy. In the instance staff or administration determines a violation of integrity has occurred, the staff or administrator will also be required to report. Administration can overturn the decision by faculty based on the outlined appeal process below, or through an investigation and accumulation of evidence.

Examples of academic dishonesty that constitute a violation of this policy include, but are not limited to, the following:. Pervasive abuse of component plagiarism may result in enforcement of the below consequences as directed by the Online Dean. The University reserves the right to assess the appropriate level of consequence based on the severity of the violation. The following will be imposed in order unless otherwise directed by the Online Dean based on the severity of the offense.

Note: An original discipline decision will remain in effect until the appeal has been completed and a final decision has been issued. Expelled or suspended students found on University premises will be considered trespassing. Such situations require the student to make appointments by phone or email during regular business hours when appropriate, with the appropriate University administrators. Student class standing and enrollment status are classified as indicated in the following tables:. The Registrar will notify students on their academic standing upon the completion of each semester.

It is important to not adopt what academics call a nominalist approach to theology, meaning, each word can have one and only one meaning attached to it. His reading is correct, these may not necessarily mean the same thing, but, in the context of the class, they certainly do.

It is not prudent to parse these terms too closely, or we could only use a term univocally, that is, in one and only one sense. Capstone would be a modest , pages, not its lean 10, now. Question : My question is within the context of Atonement theology. What do you know about 2 Cor. What does "to be sin on our behalf" mean? I've done some digging, but I will save my thoughts - because I want your response to be a part of everything swirling around in my head. Do you not know that a little leaven leavens the whole lump?

For Christ, our Passover lamb, has been sacrificed. If you recall, the sacrificed lamb was the only means by which the people of God could escape the angel of death's slaying of the firstborn in Egypt, whether Hebrew or Egyptian. In the same way, on the Day of Atonement, the High Priest entered into the Holy of holies to sprinkle the blood of the covenant on the ark as an atonement for the sins of the people. The entire book of Hebrews details the way in which both the priesthood and sacrifice of Jesus Christ is superior to that of the Temple sacrificial system, the Levitical priesthood, the Aaronic High Priestly office, and the animal sacrifice.

Actually, the author of Hebrews says that these practices and offices where emblems, tokens, signs of the a truer, more definitive and effective heavenly pattern, with our Lord Jesus being both Victum and Victor as High Priest and Offering combined. This 2 Corinthians 5 text affirms this clear sense in how Jesus became sin for us.

Notice the end of this matchless text: ". In his body on the tree, Christ became sin for us, and through faith, we now in the "Great Exchange of Guilt and Righteousness" become the righteousness of God in him. This is the heart of the Anselmic satisfaction theory of the atonement which has reigned supreme in Protestant circles since the Reformation, and it is a sound, biblical, and moving interpretation.

I would simply extend its richness to include the Savior's complete victory over the devil, the curse, hell and death, and the principalities and powers through his incarnation, death, resurrection, and ascension. The Christus Victor motif allows us to give weight also to Christ's matchless life, as well as to his death, and affirm the life-giving power of his resurrection and his exaltation at the Father's right hand through the ascension. I think Paul highlights the meaning of his great exchange on the Cross for us, and highlights the merits of his life as they accrue to us.

Here is another place and way he says it: Philip. For his sake I have suffered the loss of all things and count them as rubbish, in order that I may gain Christ [9] and be found in him, not having a righteousness of my own that comes from the law, but that which comes through faith in Christ, the righteousness from God that depends on faith— [10] that I may know him and the power of his resurrection, and may share his sufferings, becoming like him in his death.

I hope this is helpful. The richness of Christ's work is extraordinary, both in regards to sin, to righteousness, to death, and to eternal life. What a mighty God we serve! All of the above. Answer : Clearly, "a-c" are true, which would make "d" the correct answer. It is a little ambigous in its wording and would be better stated as "All of the above are true. Question : On page 39 in the first sentence of module nine, question five, it reads "How is the covenant God made with Yahweh.

Shouldn't this be "Abraham" instead? Answer : Yes, good eye! It should read "How is the covenant God made with Abraham a progressive revelation. We will edit this in the next printing. Question On page , in the second full paragraph on the page, the second and fourth lines read "Davis was born. This should be David. Answer You are absolutely right.

Although a person could argue without looking at the context of these errors , that Davis Don was indeed born, and that Davis Don has the heart of a shepherd. Thank you for catching these John! We will make these changes in our next Capstone printing. Question : Dr. Davis, I am mentoring Capstone's "God the Son" module.

I heard that you came out of a Jehovahs Witness background. Can you please share a few points with us that led you to ultimately come to Christ and reject the JW church? Answer : Ultimately the decisive factor in making the shift from JW to Evangelical faith was Christology. Christology is the proverbial heart of all theological dialogue. Their errors Arianism which lowered Christ to the status of the archangel Michael and a created being devastated their understanding of God's salvation. They are insecure in their vision of salvation because it is not God who died for them but an angel who simply "starts the ball rolling".

Jesus gives you a canoe and a paddle and tells you to row as hard as you can until the very end. That is why JW's are so zealous; their very redemption depends on their ability to be faithful to the end. It was amazing grace when I heard about what the God man Jesus did for us. I've been baskin' in liberty ever since!

Question : A question has come up in our discussions on Jesus Christ's identity. The issue revolves around the sin nature of Jesus. We understand the points in the outline, but the reading in "Introducing Christian Doctrine" brought up some differing viewpoints. What is your understanding of the transmission of sin nature? If it is through either male or female, then why was not Mary's sin nature transmitted to Christ?

Some of us do not buy the idea that it is only transmitted through the male, and others of us do not buy that the power of the Holy Spirit's contribution to the conception and development of Jesus simply "overpowered" the sin nature that Mary "contributed. Answer : On the question of sin nature, Erickson is correct in saying that various traditions have understood this issue in radically different ways. Part of the difficulty is the level of specificity in the answer that people seek. In other words, people want to know the precise reason, method, and process by which sin is transmitted from one generation to another.

One excellent theological principle on questions like this is to always embrace the simplest answer given in Scripture and to reason humbly from that explanation. An example of this question therefore is Romans 5 and Pauls discussion of the comparison between Adam and Christ. While Romans 5 does not say how Adam is the head of all humankind, he does assert THAT he is the head of all humankind. In doctrinal circles this view is spoken of as "Federal Headship". As in Adam everyone dies, so in Christ everyone will live.

Adam and Christ represent the heads of two distinctly different classes of humankind. If you read Romans 5 and 1 Cor. As we have born the image of the earthly, so we will bear the image of the heavenly. Question : I have a concern about question 10 on Quiz 2 Module The answer that is given is true. This agrees with part c page The confusion for some of our students is number 5 page 52 which says incorporating those who repent and believe in Jesus I can see how this could be confusing.

I thought I would bring this to your attention for future consideration. Answer from Dr. Davis :. The answer to this question hinges on what people understand as faith alone. Unfortunately, many typically will separate the concepts of faith and repentance as if they are separate acts, some kind of work or extra action in addition to faith.

More properly said, the act of saving faith includes repentance from sin and belief in the truth. Over-thinking this can lead to real error, especially if the students do not follow through on the entirety of what is being taught in this lesson segment. By faith alone includes repentance and belief--faith is a pregnant concept in the New Testament. By all means, we ought to avoid any lesson or discussion that would allude to repentance as a work separate from saving faith.

This is why repentance and belief are so integrated in the teaching of Christ and the apostles. Paul on Mars Hill said, Acts ESV 30 The times of ignorance God overlooked, but now he commands all people everywhere to repent, 31 because he has fixed a day on which he will judge the world in righteousness by a man whom he has appointed; and of this he has given assurance to all by raising him from the dead.

If confusion exists here, it may be in the idea of "faith alone. By faith alone alluded to in Eph. This is clearly said in 1 Thessalonians ESV 9 For they themselves report concerning us the kind of reception we had among you, and how you turned to God from idols to serve the living and true God, 10 and to wait for his Son from heaven, whom he raised from the dead, Jesus who delivers us from the wrath to come. This phrase "turning to God" repentance is intrinsic to salvation by faith alone, not by works but by grace. By faith alone sola fides is a long-standing term in the history of Christian thought, based on the Eph.

To conclude then, by faith alone over against works not repentance is the sole ground of reception in the body of Christ. All who truly believe have truly repented, and that is why we ought not separate the concepts of faith and repentance. To repent and believe in Jesus is a theological equivalent to the phrase "by faith alone. Faith includes repentance and belief, and is juxtaposed over against salvation by our works of the law.

As I have been going through this module, I noticed there is nothing about premarital counseling. I think it would be very helpful to have something about this in the appendices as a resource for the students. Do you have any suggestions? Answer Dr. Davis put together a Christian Counseling and Pastoral Care Bibliography that he gave to our students during this module.

This is an excellent resource! I do not see that title in the appendi of Capstone Module Can we have access to that file? Answer: We have linked you to that file here English. Question: I need some clarification on a quiz, module 12, quiz 3, questions 6 and Answer: Thanks so much, for the questions of the students. Handling the sheer volume of texts in the Capstone modules lends itself to clarification. Question It seems like the correct answer for quiz 3, question 10 is False but True is listed in the answer key.

Is the answer supposed to be True? Answer Thank you for catching this. Yes, the answer key for lesson 3 quiz, question 10 is incorrect. It should be "False". That is, do they teach that we are living in the "realized" millennial amillennialism? Do they believe that the Old Testament prophecies concerning Israel are fulfilled in the church replacement theology? Do they believe that the kingdom of God is already present in the sense that there will be no literal thousand year reign after the second advent of Christ?

Do you believe that Israel, that is , the literal descendants of Abraham through Isaac, through Jacob are no longer recipients of Gods promises to them as a result of not "accepting Jesus" as the Messiah? Answer TUMI's Capstone curriculum is based on a Nicene Credal perspective of the theology, and is informed by the basic theological tenets which have been confessed in the Great Tradition as anchored on the basic outline of the theology represented within it.

As our module on the Kingdom of God teaches we have avoided these more Protestant traditional notions of eschatology, not asserting that they are incorrect, but giving a broader outline of New Testament theology as outline in the work of George Eldon Ladd's works e.

To assert that, with the incarnation of Jesus into the world, the Kingdom has been inaugurated can be seen from his own testimony regarding his works in the world. His exorcisms demonstrated his authority over the devil and his minions, his miracles revealed his rescinding of the curse, and his teaching outlines the life of the Kingdom presented in his life and words, an obedience contrasted to Adam's disobedience and Israel's unfaithfulness see Rom. Additionally, his death destroyed the devil, cleansed from sin's punishment and evil, brought life and light and immortality to humankind, and propitiated the Father's wrath against those who believe.

His resurrection guarantees that all who believe will share in his eternal glory, and his ascension poured out on the Church the gift of the Holy Spirit, making the powers of the Age to Come present in the Church, the guardian and steward of the mysteries of God. In this sense, the Kingdom's life and promise is present, available to all who believe, and whose life can be enjoyed presently in the assembly of believers.

Still, however, the Kingdom has not been consummated, it is not yet totally fulfilled. The devil roams about seeking whom he may devour, the world, with its lust, greed, and pride, still entraps millions, and the old sin nature continues to plague those who believe. The world is sick, dark, and lost, and Christians are responsible to be both salt and light in the midst of a perverse, twisted generation that awaits the judgment of God. In the Kingdom of God module, we outline the various historical positions related to the fulfillment of the Kingdom as related to the millennium post-, pre-, and amillennial views and to the "Great Tribulation" as that event relates to the end times.

As an interdenominational ministry, TUMI affirms the blessed hope of the Scripture which all Christians everywhere have always believed, the rule of faith captured and confessed in the Creed, that Christ will come again, judge the living and the dead, reign as Lord in his Kingdom.

All the promises made to the patriarchs and prophets will come to pass, and as 1 Cor. Question I've noticed that some of the video does not match the outline in Capstone Module 14, and therefore some of the content for the quizzes is not covered during the teaching. Do you have anything that could help me ensure that my students pass their quizzes?

Answer While this mismatch does no damage to the overall module's clarity and importance, this may be confusing to your students who are accustomed to the ongoing connection between the video and the workbook. We pass along now his careful notation to your site and your mentors who are teaching Module The students are tested on the following information but this covered only in the book not on the DVD.

Please be sure to have your mentors review this with your students to ensure their success on this Module. The list below gives the page number, outline heading and what needs to be covered with the students in order for them to pass the quizzes and final exam for this module.

Question In most of the Capstone Modules there are several Scripture options that the students may choose from to write their exegetical project on. This module has only one passage, and its lengthy! Do you have any additional options we could give our students for this project? Answer Besides the text that was listed Romans 8. Question I'm not sure if this was addressed in the past, but we found a typo for the answer of question 6 on Quiz 2 on Module Doing Justice and Loving Mercy.

The question reads: 6. God demands justice and mercy: he punished those who trampled the poor. God denounced wealth gain by oppression and abuse. Tithes were collected for distribution among the deserving poor only. Respect was to be given to those sojourning through the land. The answer in the mentor's manual states that "D" is not true shown to be true on page 68, bullet B, 3 in the student book instead of letter "C", which is the choice that is not true.

Answer You are correct. Answer C is the choice that is not true. Thanks for catching this. We will fix on our files. Question There is no answer listed for Quiz 3, question 3 in Module 16's answer key. What is the correct answer? Answer In the answer key for Quiz 3, question 3 in Module 16, the answer was inadvertently left off.

On the Quiz 3, question 3, "E" is the correct answer we corrected this in the later versions of Capstone. Listed below is how the multiple choice options should read and what the correct answer is. God is a God of purpose and wisdom. Since the poor are with us always, we need not be sacrificial in our show of mercy.

The leading of the Holy Spirit neither requires nor is served by planning. The use of planning and organization in ministry need not be against the will of God. Both b and c are not true. Question We are teaching Module 16 and our students have been very confused by 1b on page 85 Session 2.

Segment 2. Several students are hung up on sin for compassion -- e. Would you have Dr. Davis explain as the men have asked us to find out his thoughts. Answer Martin Luther, in acknowledging the instinctively difficult task of seeking to live our lives as biblically as possible, talked about "sinning boldly" when confronted with choices where, frankly, it is not clear which is the right response to take.

Anyone who has been in Christian leadership for a time knows that ultimately a Christian leader encounters situations with no clear cut answer, when the possible actions before her all seem questionable, even shaky. Luther, in affirming the saving and leading grace of the Lord, said that we ought to "sin boldly," in other words, pursue a line of decision and action that one's conscience best seems to follow biblical truth, and yet, in the final analysis, may not necessarily be clear. I personally counseled two street walkers both pregnant by the same pimp in my church, all of whom had recently accepted the Lord, wanted to do the "right thing" and get married, and yet had no clue which one should marry the father of their unborn child.

They were all penitent, open, and responsive, and truly wanted to followed through with the Lord's will. As far as I can tell, there were no biblical analogies that aligned with their situation, and, based on our submissive and open hearts and willingness to obey the Word of God, they would have to make a decision, and follow through with it as best as possible.

Whatever they decided, one mother and child would not have a husband and dad, and yet, they were all willing to do God's will. This kind of conundrum is not unusual in the city; the level of brokenness and scarring is so great that you do encounter situations not explicitly talked about in scripture. Nevertheless, as disciples of Christ and leaders of the church, we will need to make decisions Luther's "sinning boldly" but carrying through with our decisions as compassionately within conscience as we can, staying as close to Scripture and to principles as we may.

Robbing for the sake of family is mere sin; theft is wrong, and that is not what is being referred to here. We will encounter many times when, totally committed to Christ and his standard, we will be faced with strange, bizarre, even twisted situations where no clear application of truth will suffice or be applicable. At such times of difficulty, we will need to follow Luther's dictum, use our knowledge of Scripture, reason, experience, and tradition, prayed up to the full, and open to the Spirit's leading.

For a better understanding of these creeds and disputes about the creeds , why they are important and the biblical basis for creedal theology , and how the embracing of the creed can serve as a kind of shorthand for the biblical story, refer to Chapter 7 in Sacred Roots: A Primer on Retrieving the Great Tradition , Rev. Don L. Question Just wondering why you chose the Nicene Creed as the creed of choice to teach from. Why not the Apostle's Creed. Does it matter? Answer Let's be clear first that the Apostles Creed, which was often associated with the probably-legendary idea that the twelve apostles each wrote a section of the Creed's twelve clauses.

On the one hand, the Apostles' Creed is still widely used today in the same way it has been widely used in the past for example one scholar suggests the Apostles Creed is rightly used as a baptismal confession; a teaching outline; a guard and guide against heresy, a summarization of the faith; and an affirmation in worship. Some have argued that it is the most widely accepted and used creed among Christians.

While this may be true of Christians in the West, it is not so of those in the East. The Apostles Creed is probaly an update of the Old Roman Creed, associated with the western practice of Christian faith. The Nicene Creed, on the other hand, is the one creed that has been acknowledged as perhaps the most important ecumenical document ever written in the history of the entire church. It is probably the only document universally recognized by all sections of the Church as authoritative, and carries respect and authority as to its doctrinal clarity in every major branch of Christian faith. In a word, there is simply nothing that compares to the high doctrine, universal acceptance, historical validity, and overall theological profundity as the Nicene Creed.

This matters for us. One, we are inter-denominational and must safeguard as best we can a truly "evangelical and ecumenical" approach to all things, except in those cases where we are partnering with a tradition and we intentionally defer to their doctrinal vision. Two, it matters because by endorsing the Nicene Creed it puts us midstream with the historic orthodox formulation regarding the Trinity and the deity of Christ i.

Finally, it matters because of our desire to shield and undergird this portion of our leadership development. Defense of the Nicene Creed was the standard by which bishops were ordained in the church all the way up to the 8th or 9th century, and it alone has served as the groundwork for the major systematic renditions of Christian faith from such giants in theology as Karl Barth and Langdon Gilkey.

It is the bedrock for doctrinal validation along a whole spectrum of theological issues, and, because of its universal appeal in the church, serves as an excellent catechetical and leadership development piece. While both the Apostles and Nicene Creeds have great use and validity, for the formal articulation of historic orthodoxy, go with Nicea! Question In the Apostles Creed, there is the phrase "He descended into hell".

So, is it fair for me to ask you both what your personal view is of the phrase "He descended into hell" or what you would teach regarding this statement to new converts? I do not intend to debate with you about your answer. I have no axe to grind. But the statement causes me some heartburn. I have researched much of the opinions regarding the texts in Peter, etc. When I say "He descended into hell" while reciting the Creed each morning I am thinking more of the reference to Jonah and the Lord being in the belly of the earth, not so much the Lord going into Hell in a literal sense.

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But I don't want to clean the creed up or re-shape it to fit my personal preferences. Answer The key to appropriating the ancient consensus is recognizing our own tendencies toward anachronistic interpretation of any and everything theological. In other words, we tend to respond "thickly" to statements which originally sought to be "thin" in terms of theological argument. The Apostles and Nicene Creeds are summaries of the rules of faith which were considered essential, uncontestable, basic truths regarding God, Christ, the Spirit, and the Church.

The clause on hell has been historically understood in the most low-hanging fruit New Testamental sense. Jesus died, entering the grave. He tasted death for every man, and entered the abode of the dead on behalf of all humankind. The Apostles Creed simply asserts that Jesus actually died and descended into the abode of the dead. Right up front, we should acknowledge that the word "hell" in the Apostles Creed probably is not referring to the "hell" of eternal damnation, to Gehenna in Jesus' teachings, but rather to the place where the dead reside, i.

Refer to Acts 2. Acts ESV :. This is a significant citation by Peter, as he declares it in his inaugural sermon at Pentecost quoting Psalm 16, stating explicitly that the LORD in raising up Jesus from the dead did not abandon him to Hades, nor let his flesh see corruption. This is theologically important: in dying for our sins, Jesus actually died; he did not swoon, or pass out, or enter into a coma or any such condition.

He died on the Cross, and "tasted death for every man" Heb. In Ephesians 4. From Christ's own testimony it is clear that he indeed was alive, died i. I died, and behold I am alive forevermore, and I have the keys of Death and Hades. While it may not seem a racy idea to say that the Prince of Life died and descended into the grave, everything we believe about his identity as the Last Adam bears this out. He actually experienced death, its full range and weight, its scope and reality he tasted for every person.

He walked the corridors, experienced the shadows, descended into the grave. No part of it was withheld from his experience; he died fully as a human being on behalf of humankind. In conclusion then, while sincere and biblical exegetes and expositors of Scripture have argued regarding this clause of the Apostles Creed especially, in my view, when they confuse its rendering of "hell" with what I believe their language signified-"Hades" , it is significant to affirm that Christ not only died, but actually descended into the abode of the dead, while being prevented from seeing its corruption and decay, as Peter declared at Pentecost.

Here is a post from Millard Erickson, who wrote one of our central Capstone doctrinal texts, Introducing Christian Doctrine, responding to a question from a reader of Christianity Today on the meaning of Christ's descent into hell:. Each Sunday, millions of Christians around the world recite the Apostles' Creed, including that statement: "I believe that Jesus … descended into hell.

Actually the statement is not found in the earliest form of the Apostles' Creed. It echoes Acts , and seems to be there simply to make the point that Jesus' death was real and complete. Jesus went to hades, which in the Greek signifies the world of the departed—paradise for some, pain for others. When the Apostles' Creed took its English form in the sixteenth century, "hell" meant hades as such, rather than the final state of the lost which Jesus called gehenna , as it always is today.

So, should those who accept the Bible as their supreme authority for belief hold to the Creed's doctrine on this point? Scripture tells us very little about Jesus' state between his death and resurrection. The most commonly cited biblical passages are Acts ; Ephesians ; 1 Peter ; and, most importantly, 1 Peter Ephesians 4 is likely a reference to the Incarnation, and 1 Peter could apply to any preaching of the gospel.

But numerous interpretations of 1 Peter exist. Some say the 1 Peter 3 passage should not be taken literally—that it is symbolic, conveying in graphic form the idea that redemption is universal in its extent. This, however, involves a more spiritualized hermeneutic than usually practiced by evangelicals. Others contend that this refers to a descent by Jesus into the realm of the dead between his death and resurrection, and an actual preaching to its occupants, either offering salvation to them or declaring his own triumph over death and judgment upon those who in their earthly life did not respond to God.

This interpretation, however, seems in conflict with the rest of Jesus' life and ministry— and with the context of the passage, which emphasizes a faithful, gentle witness, giving a reason for one's faith, even in the face of opposition. At the same time, the non-literal interpretation has difficulty accounting adequately for the reference to Noah, unless the preaching was restricted only to people from Noah's time, which seems strange.

It also appears to conflict with the theological context, or how our interpretation fits with other, more clearly established doctrines. Here we encounter biblical references teaching the finality of death over and against any opportunity for salvation, at least since the time of Christ. Many consider the parable of the rich man and Lazarus Luke pertinent to the question, as are much of Psalm 49 and Revelation Hebrews indicates a close linkage between death and judgment, with nothing mentioned as intervening.

And Jesus' statement to the thief on the cross—"today you will be with me in paradise" Luke ,43 —also is relevant. One other interpretation, held by Augustine and defended strongly by several evangelicals, seems more promising. In this view, Christ preached "in spirit" through Noah as Noah built the ark.

This was a message of repentance and righteousness, given to unbelieving people who were then on earth but now are "spirits in prison" i. While this reference to spirits in prison is not completely natural, this view fits better with the other considerations. It also is supported by 1 Peter , which speaks of the Spirit of Christ in the prophets who spoke. While none of the interpretations is totally without difficulty, one might conclude that this is the most adequate reading of the relevant data.

Robert Mounce, in his commentary Living Hope, says that the 1 Peter passage is "widely recognized as perhaps the most difficult to understand in all of the New Testament. There is one thing of which we can be certain: Jesus' death was a literal event, not some temporary state of unconsciousness. Hence, in his resurrection, Christ did indeed conquer death—both in its spiritual and physical forms.

Bible-believing Christians can allow themselves to differ on the nature of Jesus' descent into hell. Some will be able to recite this part of the Apostles' Creed with conviction, while others may choose to remain silent. Millard J. Or, here is another quote from D. The final clause in this sequence, "He descended into hell," is the most controversial in the Apostle's Creed.

Indeed, some denominations consider it optional or refuse to include it at all. The problem with this phrase begins with what it connotes. To some, the descent into hell represents the physical agony of death upon the Cross. It was hellish in its pain. To others, the word hell means Hades or Sheol , the collective abode of the dead, divided into Paradise or Abraham's Bosom--the state of God-fearing souls--and Gehenna , the state of ungodly souls.

Thus the descent into hell may suggest that the Son of God carried the sins of the world to hell; or the Son of God carried Good News of deliverance to the godly dead such as Lazarus the beggar and the repentant thief. A third-century Syrian Creed speaks of Jesus, "who was crucified under Pontius Pilate and departed in peace, in order to preach to Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob and all the saints concerning the end of the world and the resurrection of the dead.

Still others believe that the descent into hell account for the problem of God's justice by providing an opportunity for all mankind--in eternity as well as in time--to hear the message of redemption from the Word Himself. But whatever interpretation one accepts, the scriptural passages upon which this teaching is based must be studied closely. Some of the standard texts are Job , Ps. Question What are some of the differences between the Apostles and Nicene Creeds? Foundations for Ministry Series Courses. Question: We're going to be teaching "Nurturing an Apostolic Heart" this quarter.

I'm having a really hard time trying to find "Stand in the Gap" by David Bryant. Do you know of a good place to buy multiple copies? Answer: We did a search and ran into the same problem. This is what Don calls a happy problem -- there is actually a better book for this course and I've already posted a link to it on our website. And, this book is available on Amazon. You'll need to break up the reading assignments for your students for this book. Question : Do you have any couse descriptions for the Foundations for Ministry Series?

I tried looking on the TUMI website, but what you have listed for Foundations is vastly different than what it used to be. Was Foundations revised? You have an older version of our Multiplying Laborers Guidebook. You can print out a new copy of the entire contents of the binder to replace your older version so you have the latest data that we have from our website. Some of them we did e. Nurturing an Apostolic Heart -- which is on our site at the link above , other courses we did an early format of but we are in the midst of reformatting them e.

We have taught many courses since that original list of courses and have formatted some of those for Foundations as well. We will continue to add to the Foundations courses as we can. The current courses on our Foundations site courses that were taught here that were formatted into Foundations. The only difference from the original format is the design and uniformity of all of the assignments.

The older version of Foundations came in 3-ring binders and had audio tapes. The newer version are less expensive, and are available in workbooks and MP3 data cds. The assignments for each of these courses are available on our Foundations page to our site coordinators only. Question : Since this is our first graduation, we don't have any pictures to promote the event.

Would we have permission to be able to use the one posted in the Satellite Gateway under Graduation of Don Davis with the graduates? Or if you have anything else we could use, that would be great also. Was there ever any type of general flyer made or distribution other than the actual invitation that told TUMI students and others about the graduation event? Just trying not to re-invent the wheel if I don't have to.

Answer : We send out invitations can be found on our " Graduation" page on the Satellite Gateway to all of our students on our roster and give the graduating students 10 additional invitations or more if they want them to personally give to their family and friends, inviting them to the graduation commencement and reception.

We typically get a great turn out because most of those who come are connected to a particular graduate. Also, many of the current students come as they have become friends with the students who are graduating. Friends and family are the largesk of the attending crowd for us and are the the ones whose presence mean the most to the graduates. Question : How long have your commencement addresses been in the past? We are basically working to reproduce a HSM graduation, but in our context.

I had been thinking about 40 minutes. Answer : Yes, that is what we've done.

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Question : One detail-random question. In reading over the descriptions in the program, which were helpful for me too, on masters level hoods, doctoral level, etc. For example, one of our graduates has a BA already. Is capstone like a MA for him? Another graduate does not have a HS diploma, is this like a BA for him? Should we have the graduate who already has a BA wear a master's robe? Do you all have a strong opinion on this? All of our graduates have worn the same thing: a cap and gown and stohl the only differences are the stohls and color of the cap's tassel depending on if the student is graduating with a TUMI Certificate or a TUMI diploma.

We've had students graduate from TUMI that have earned their Master's degree from another educational institution. The academic regalia we reference in the program is specifically for the faculty, for the one giving the commencement address, and those handing out certificates. These folk wear the robes and regalia from their place of graduation. If thte presenter does not have a robe, they wear one that the students wear including the cap but not the stohl. If the person giving the commence address is a reverend, they typically wear their own robe and stohl if the own one.

We want to make our graduations as formal and academic as possible and we follow many of the same rules in order to do so. But, we have changed some other rules for the sake of what we are doing. I hope this helps. Question We are meeting with one of our chaplains next week to start talking about graduation for 7 of our students in the prison.

Do you have a graduation checklist or protocol we can use in our graduation process? Any guidelines that sort of thing we could use in our conversation. Question : "The required textbooks listed in the Capstone Module are not the same as what is listed on the web. Which version is correct? Answer : The official and latest listing of our required textbooks and their reading assignments will always be posted on our website www.

This is the correct and most current listing of TUMI's Capstone textbooks, and the one you should use. If the student reads this book and writes reports for one module, do they need to do write a report for the same book in another module? Answer : Yes. This is an excellent text and one that is key for the student's understanding of Scripture. Each module's work will help the student read this book through a different perspective and will help them understand the content of this book in light of the module they are studying.

Question : Do you know if TUMI National is planning on creating a printable version of the required text books for each course on the website so that we can print and distribute to the students without the web headers? Question : How do you deal with the different levels of literacy of students taking classes? According to the reading requirements that TUMI lays out, many of the courses have 3 books to read with hundreds of pages of reading How do you keep the bar high, yet at the same time not overwhelm students who many don't even have a high school diploma?

As a result, your students may differ broadly in academic background and performance. Some may not have completed high school, other may have earned college degrees. Although oral skills are usually strong among any group of leaders, some of your students may struggle with low literacy or writing skills.

Question As a satellite, do we have any freedom to substitute some of the required reading books for certain courses with other books of our choosing? Answer We are committed to establishing a stable, available, and helpful bibliography of texts for our Capstone courses, and, for the most part, have been tracking carefully the texts on our list which have gone out of print, and seeking either to 1 get them reprinted and available as soon as possible, or 2 suggest alternative texts consistent with the kind of theological and pastoral concerns reflected in a particular module.

It is important that you always seek to use the official Capstone book list that we currently endorse as listed on our site. If you run into problems with out-of-print texts, please do not hesitate to communicate that with us immediately, and we'll seek to remedy that. Remember, that our texts are used and accessed by all our sites, consistent with the pedagogical aims of the courses, and our commitment to broad evangelical consensus.

We want to be as helpful and flexible as possible, yet to do so providing consistency and excellence for all within our entire network. One final thing. The standards that we are establishing with TUMI in terms of our criteria, standards, and coursework are more and more being acknowledged in a larger academic arena. Participation in programs like this will demand conformity to our current academic standards.

We are strongly urging all our satellites to not deviate from the standards, lest their students fail to qualify for this and we believe in the future other similar programs that acknowledge the quality of the TUMI program. I haven't seen another Word Study tool that exhaustive, and loved it in College. But, I'm not familiar with too many, other than Zodhiates' stuff. Just wondering what you thought. Answer Brown's dictionary is exquisite; I've used the hardback set for a time, and now as you said Zondervan is making a digital copy of it available as a stand-alone program. It's worth the expense, although, scholarship even very good scholarship like Brown, and Bruce, and Marshall, and Gundry and others need to be "popularized" and "sanitized" both.

They need to be popularized in that the common rank-and-file believer in the Nazarene can have their faith crushed in the speculation of historical, critical study. They need to be sanitized because much of the scholarship does not focus on Christ per se, but side and surrounding issues which seem to ignore the on-the-surface Christocentric nature of all biblical revelation.

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In him are hidden all the treasures of wisdom and knowledge Col. IIs it worth buying? The excerpts off of Amazon made it sound like just what I was looking for. Answer Yes, InterVarsity has come out with some really wonderful texts, both on the nature of Palestinian Judaism as well as the Great Tradition the first five centuries of the faith.

I would advise looking at the ancient church's understanding of Christ and the Gospels; their preaching and thinking is terribly helpful in understanding how the Church viewed Christ from the beginning. Both of these have significant quotes, articles, and info on the life during Christ as well as the early Church's grasp of Christ's story.

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By the way, I got your note and the rabbis of Jesus' day did repeat their lessons over and over and over again. In rabbinic interpretation, the etymology of the term "to teach" literally means "to repeat. Question What is your recommendation for a Systematic Theology book or set? If you could, let me know what receives your highest rating, best bang for your buck. I'm personally interested in your thoughts on Geisler's. Other than that, I'm clueless. I personally like the books of his I've read for the Capstone classes O. Witness to Christ and His Kingdom.

He is definitely on point. I also assumed you like some of his stuff, and naturally wonder what "The Don's" thoughts are on the rest of his stuff. Answer The Grudem systematic is all-the-rave now; he is truly a solid, cogent evangelical who is ecumenical in his spirit and demeanor. Geisler leans heavily toward a more apologetic approach to theology; the vast majority of his works lean this way. The classics, although liberal, are still unusually helpful to understand what the guild is thinking regarding theological possibility: Karl Barth's Church Dogmatics, Paul Tillich's Systematic Theology, Friedrich Schleiermacher's The Christian Faith,and Thomas Aquinas's Summa Theologica are standards, and represent the critical systematics in modern theological thought.

To the former group I would add McClendon's Systematic Theology and Thomas Oden's systematics the name escapes me, but you can Amazon search it are fine works, especially Oden's, whose work highlights the theological thinking of the Fathers and the ancient church. Question Do you know of any books or articles that our staff could read together on the topic of 'God as excellence'?

Answer I have a couple of ideas. One is a book written by J. Very fine, great classics on leadership. While the word "excellence" might not be prominent, they both emphasize the kind of life that is known for its disciplined pursuit of God's best: excellence. Another book, truly intriguing about excellence, is by John W. He uncovers a lot of problems within American society and takes head on the idea of equality versus excellence, both of which are deep American values. I could see reading this and overlaying it with a critical, Christian kind of critique. Probably the best book on this subject from an admittedly evangelical point of view is Ted W.

Engstrom's "The Pursuit of Excellence. It is unashamedly Christian and biblical, and, given his long history at writing on this subject, promises to have more for you on this subject in a way that is right on point. It is out of print, but there are dozens of copies available on Amazon. Answer Here is a good start of some key texts on leadership. Hope this is helpful. Resource Tools and Suggestions. Question What is your theology of worship and how does it give focus to the life of the local church?

Answer Attached is a reformed file from our Church Plant School seminar on worship leading. It has a bunch of stuff that might help frame your answer as you articulate your own views. Question I am going to do some seminars for our volunteers in the Fall and am looking for good resources that help explain the significant challenge of cross-cultural ministry - especially in relation to suburban to urban culture.

Can you help me? Answer One of the central concepts in effective urban ministry is expressing the freedom of Christ within culture. To contextualize the ancient faith is the express goal of all urban mission—to make the faith come aline in the language and lives of the people to which the Gospel has come. Here you will find several resources on Cultural Contextualiation , in chart and outline format that emphasize the importance of cultural sensitivity and contextualization as we evangelize, disciple, and plant churches among the urban poor.

Theological Questions. Question Sacred Roots was great I have a question for Dr. Davis thoughIt seems to me that the notion of Apostolic Succession and it's role is missing from his book. I would love to hear his thoughts on that idea. Answer Thank you for your question. He contends that Protestants hold to Apostolic Doctrine and Teaching, not the continuation of a religious office.

This is a seminal difference; for those who believe that apostolic succession must constitute the ongoing establishment of an apoastolic office they would suggest that apostolic authority is not in apostolic teaching but rather in the official succession of bishops who have been elected and counciled to represent the original followers of Christ. For those who still hold to the principle of apostolicity, but do not see it as a continuation of an office, they would suggest that consistent defense and guardianship of the gospel as layed out by the apostles in the NT is the heart of apostolic succession.

Whether you believe apostolic succession deals with the continuation of an office, or the defense of the NT teaching of the apostles, the Great Tradition would hold that the core teaching and practice of the church must be apostolic, the one true faith summarized by the rules of faith and the creeds of the church built on the authoritative teaching of the apostles in the New Testament. Question Does World Impact believe that the sacraments are: baptism and the Eucharist? Or are there more? Thanks and God bless. Answer Great question.

World Impact's Affirmation of faith, without overly specifying a dense, thick commentary on the sacraments, does highlight in its section on the Holy Church, the practices congregations ought to keep in sync with the commands of Christ, which are interpreted in terms of the Lord's Supper and Baptism. Below I reproduce the section of WI's affirmation on the church: "The Holy Church is the one institution specifically ordained of God to function in the furthering of the Kingdom until Christ comes again. It consists of all those regenerated by the Spirit of God, in mystical union and communion both with Christ, the head of the Body, and with fellow-believers.

Neighborhood congregations are the local manifestation of the Church universal. In obedience to the command of Christ, these congregations preach the word of God, equip God's people for the work of ministry, and administer the Lord's Supper and Baptism. As both an evangelical and interdenominational ministry, we acknowledge that they can be legitimately observed in a variety of ways and means, if in fact those protocols violate no biblical principles, commandments, or injunctions, and strive to express fully the command of Christ.

WI does not recognize any additional practices as sacraments, therefore other practices regarded as sacraments in Roman Catholic, Orthodox, and Anglican traditions such as holy matrimony, confession, last rites, ordination, and confirmation are not seen or perceived as having either the same authority or legitimacy as the Eucharist and Baptism. This is largely due to the command of Christ associated with the Lord's Supper and Baptism, and our own evangelical ecumenical Protestant identity.

This is a concise summary, but I believe it is accurate. Hope it helps! Question Can I accurately say - the titles given to us in I Peter 2. I know that they echo the titles given to Israelites in Exodus Although the whole earth is mine, [6] you will be for me a kingdom of priests and a holy nation. Based on that and that without Christ's righteous none are holy or acceptable - it seems to me that alongside the fact that the Church is being given the promises of Israel - it is also the Church who actually is the royal priesthood, holy nation, etc